Employment Law

Compliance and Negotiation

The ability to recognize problems and create solutions before they become an emergency.

The relationship between you and your employees is heavily regulated, both at the state and federal level, based on complex laws and significant judicial decisions. This is an ever-evolving field and we can assist you with the creation and implementation of policies and practices in keeping with the relevant laws and regulations and with drafting agreements that are both lawful and advantageous to your business.

Areas of focus:

  • Employee policies and procedures
  • Hiring and firing decisions
  • Employment agreements
  • Separation agreements
  • Non-compete and non-solicitation provisions
  • Federal and state laws:Title VII, ADA and ADEA, FLSA, FMLA, COBRA, WARN Act, and USERRA


The expertise and ability to guide your business through an emergency.

It isn’t always possible to avoid litigation. When claims are asserted against your company, we have the breadth of experience and ability to handle difficult and complex employment law issues. We are capable of taking cases to trial where necessary and vigorously defending your company. Acknowledging that extensive litigation is not always in the best interest of your company, we are also highly skilled at negotiation and finding alternative solutions that are in your company’s best interest.

Areas of focus:

  • Employment discrimination and harassment
  • Retaliation claims
  • Overtime and other wage claims
  • Reasonable accommodation
  • Violations of restrictive covenants
  • Wrongful termination claims

Follow Elaine Hogan’s Blog at www.vaemployerlaw.com

Click here to print the Employer Law Practice Brochure.


Practice Contacts
Articles & Presentations

Elaine Inman Hogan, Presenter, “Knock Knock. Who’s there? VOSH, the Department of Labor and the IRS . . . What Your Clients Need to Know About the Consequences of Worker  Misclassification”, Virginia Bar Association Annual Meeting (January 23, 2016)

Elaine Inman Hogan, “Privacy and Social Media in the Workplace”, presented at the Sterling Education Services, Inc. seminar on the “Fundamentals of Employment Law” (April 28, 2015)

Elaine Inman Hogan, “The Affordable Care Act and Other Developments in Employment Law (Federal and State)”, presented at the NBI seminar on “Human Resource Law: What You Need to Know” (June 3, 2014)

Elaine Inman Hogan, “Wage and Hour Laws”, presented at the Lorman Employment Law Update in Virginia (July 24, 2012)

Employee Handbooks

An employee handbook is an important tool for managing your employees and protecting your company against legal challenges. We can help you revise your current handbook or draft a new handbook customized for your company to provide guidance to employees and management and prevent potential problems.

Human Resource Audits

We can provide a thorough audit of your employee policies, procedures and practices to assess your company’s compliance with federal and state laws and regulations, determine opportunities for improvement, and advise you on best practices going forward.

Representative Clients

Business Owners and Managers

Construction Companies


Government Contractors

Insurance Companies

Municipal Employers

Municipal Insurers

Property Management Firms

News and Updates
EEOC Goes After Another Employer For Failing to Extend Leave
Posted on January 17, 2018
The Situation: An employee who has been out on leave asks for a several extra weeks of leave—putting her over the twelve weeks to which she is entitled under the FMLA.......
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Do You Need to Pay Your Interns?
Posted on January 10, 2018
The Situation: Your company allows students to work during the summers as interns.  Do they have to be paid? the ruling The Department of Labor (DOL) has just announced that it will use......
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Harassment Claim Following a Consensual Sexual Relationship?
Posted on January 3, 2018
The Situation: An employee engages in a consensual sexual relationship with her boss.  After she breaks it off with him, he begins treating her differently.  She is subsequently put on......
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Nursing Mother Fired After Dispute About Where She Could Pump—Discrimination?
Posted on December 20, 2017
The Situation: An employer decides to implement a new policy permitting lactating mothers to express breastmilk only in certain designated lactation rooms. An employee who has been pumping in her office......
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Employee Fails to Report Sexual Harassment For Fear of Retaliation-Can She Make a Claim Under Title VII?
Posted on December 13, 2017
The Situation: Courts have found that employers have a valid defense to a sexual harassment claim if they can show that they have a procedure in place for reporting this type......
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But It Was For Her Own Good—Is This a Defense to a Discrimination Claim?
Posted on December 6, 2017
The Situation: An employer finds out that a pregnant employee is considered high risk and so takes her off the schedule based on some concerns about her safety in the workplace.......
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Over One Million Dollars in Damages for Discrimination Based on Transgender Status?
Posted on November 29, 2017
The Situation: A professor claims that she was denied tenure only after she began transitioning from male to female-will this support a claim of discrimination based upon gender in violation of......
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Return to Work Only When Cleared of Medical Restrictions—Is this a Problem?
Posted on November 15, 2017
The Situation: A company requires all employees returning to work from medical leave to be able to perform their essential job duties without any sort of accommodation—basically a 100% return-to-work policy. ......
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Crenshaw, Ware & Martin, P.L.C. Attorneys Named to Virginia Business Magazine’s 2017 “Legal Elite”
Posted on November 13, 2017
Crenshaw, Ware & Martin is proud to announce that four of the firm’s attorneys have been recognized by Virginia Business Magazine among Virginia’s “Legal Elite” for 2017.  Each year in......
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Can An Applicant Bring a Claim of Discrimination After Rejecting a Job Offer?
Posted on November 8, 2017
The Situation: During a job interview, a female candidate is told by the general manager of a company that she is really looking for a male to fill the position. The......
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Does a Mandatory Retirement Age Equal Discrimination?
Posted on November 1, 2017
The Situation: An employer has a policy that states that all employees must retire at the age of 65.  Is this age discrimination? the ruling Yes, although there are some limited exceptions, generally......
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So When Do You Need to Pay Employees For Breaks?
Posted on October 25, 2017
The Situation: An employer rolls out a new system under which employees are free to log off and take breaks whenever they choose—but they will only be paid for the time......
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Is it Okay to Give Women More Parental Leave?
Posted on October 18, 2017
The Situation: A company implements a new parental leave policy which allows more time off for biological mothers than biological fathers, along with offering new mothers better benefits related to their......
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Can a Company Trade Services for Pay?
Posted on October 11, 2017
The Situation: A fitness studio offers its customers the opportunity to trade a free monthly membership for a few hours of cleaning each week. It is a completely voluntary arrangement.  Could......
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Could Denying A Request for an Extension of Medical Leave Violate the ADA?
Posted on September 27, 2017
The Situation: You have an employee who has been out on medical leave because of a serious health condition.  But before his scheduled return-to-work-date, the employee requests an additional two months......
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Could Supervisor’s Statements Regarding Biracial Dating Create a Hostile Work Environment?
Posted on September 20, 2017
The Situation: Caucasian employee has an African American spouse with whom she has several children. The employee’s supervisor begins complaining to her about his concerns that his daughter is dating an......
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What Counts as Bad Faith Under the FMLA?
Posted on September 13, 2017
The Situation: An employee requests to use a month of FMLA leave based upon an injury and the request is approved. The employee tells HR that she has an appointment with......
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Two Week Countdown to Start Using Revised I-9 Form
Posted on September 6, 2017
The Situation: In July of this year, U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”) published a revised version of Form I-9 for employers to use to establish the eligibility of individuals for......
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Does Employee’s Falsification of Employment Application Automatically Defeat Retaliation Claim?
Posted on August 30, 2017
The Situation: An employee complains that he is being harassed based on his sexual orientation and the fact that his partner is African American. Not long after he lodges this complaint,......
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Can You Cut a Pregnant Employee's Shifts to Avoid Unpredictability?
Posted on August 23, 2017
The Situation: A restaurant has an automatic scheduling system which allows employees to input their availability and then generates a schedule accordingly a few weeks in advance.  One of the restaurant’s......
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Does Time on Mobile Device Support a Claim for Unpaid Overtime?
Posted on August 9, 2017
The Situation: You have employees who are doing work after hours on their mobile devices. Although you have a procedure for submission of any overtime worked, these employees do not report......
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“Caring Supervisor” or Sexual Harassment?
Posted on August 2, 2017
The Situation: A supervisor has a history of making some inappropriate statements to a female employee under his direction, including commenting on her physical appearance.  When the female employee ends up......
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Is a Claim that an Applicant is Overqualified a Defense to an ADEA Claim?
Posted on July 19, 2017
The Situation: You are trying to fill an unskilled laborer position. One applicant for the position is a former employee with decades of experience in a position that involves more skill......
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Applying the Administrative Exemption under the FLSA
Posted on July 12, 2017
The Situation: One of the requirements of the administrative exemption of the FLSA is that an employee must have as his or her primary duty “office or non-manual work related to......
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What if You Don’t Agree with a Religious Objection?
Posted on July 5, 2017
The Situation: You decide to implement a new time tracking system which involves the use of biometric hand scanners by employees to scan their right hands to clock in or out......
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Is it Retaliation to Fire A Supervisor For a Fabricated Sexual Harassment Report?
Posted on June 28, 2017
The Situation: One of your supervisors reports that another employee has been sexually harassing several women working under him. Your HR director interviews each of these women and none back up......
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What Can you Ask about an Employee’s Medications?
Posted on June 14, 2017
The Situation: One of your supervisors finds out that an employee is under psychiatric care and asks him about the medication that he takes for his condition. The supervisor then tells......
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So What Exactly Can You Say About a Terminated Employee?
Posted on June 8, 2017
The Situation: You have an employee who you just do not think is the best person for his position.  After trying to address the deficiencies in his performance, you end......
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Is Gender Dysphoria a Disability Under ADA?
Posted on May 31, 2017
The Situation: An employee who has been diagnosed with gender dysphoria requests that she be permitted to use the female bathroom, dress in a female uniform, and wear a nametag with......
Read More
Is Telling Someone You Want to Maximize Longevity a Bad Idea?
Posted on May 24, 2017
The Situation: A 60 year old man applies to be a General Manager of a restaurant after spending over twenty years in the restaurant industry, a number of which were served......
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