Virginia Employer Law

WDVA Rules No Right to Jury Trial in WARN Act Case

Posted on January 2, 2015
Posted in Other

The Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals has not weighed in on whether there is a right to a jury trial under the Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (“WARN”). In a recent case in the Western District of Virginia, Judge James P. Jones ruled that there is no such right either created by statute or under Seventh Amendment. Creech, et al. v. Virginia Fuel Corporation, Case No. 2:14cv0006 (W.D. Va. November 24, 2014).…

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Supreme Court Rules in Favor of Employer as to What is Compensable Time

Posted on December 19, 2014

In March, we reported that the United States Supreme Court had granted cert in a case involving the question of whether time spent by employees working for Amazon.com in security checks at the end of their shifts was compensable under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”). On December 9, the Supreme Court issued its ruling in this case and decided that the time that the workers spent waiting to undergo and then undergoing the security screenings was not compensable under the FLSA. See Integrity Staffing Solutions, Inc. v. Busk, 574 U.S. ___ (December 9, 2014).…

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Former Bank Executive Prevails in Suit Regarding Severance Payment

Posted on December 12, 2014

Last month, Judge Poston of Norfolk Circuit Court ruled that the former President of Shore Bank and Executive Vice President of Operations for Hampton Roads Bankshares, was entitled to $655,495.43 in severance pay, plus interest, despite the defendants’ arguments that they were prohibited from making this type of golden parachute payment as a recipient of Troubled Asset Relief Program (“TARP”) funds and that Shore Bank did not owe Harvard the severance because his base salary was paid by a holding company previously created by Shore Bank. The court further awarded the plaintiff attorneys’ fees in the amount of $155,000.…

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New Rule Prohibits Government Contractors from Discriminating Against Employees Based on Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

Posted on December 5, 2014

On Wednesday, the Department of Labor announced a new rule aimed at protecting those working for government contractors from discrimination based upon their sexual orientation or gender identity. The new rule implements Executive Order 13672, which was signed by President Obama on July 21, 2014.…

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Eleventh Amendment Bars FLSA Claim against Supervisors at Eastern State Hospital Where Actions Inextricably Tied to Official Duties

Posted on November 21, 2014

Earlier this week, the Fourth Circuit directed the district court to dismiss a FLSA claim brought by a nurse against two of her supervisors at Eastern State Hospital, finding that there was no basis for individual liability and sovereign immunity barred the claims. Martin v. Wood, et al., Case No. 13-2283 (4th Cir. Nov. 18, 2014).…

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Tipped Employees Must Have Actual Notice of Use of Tip Credit

Posted on November 14, 2014

The tip credit permitted under the Fair Labor Standards Act (“FLSA”) has always presented challenges to restaurants and other employers seeking to apply it correctly. Last month, the First Circuit addressed the tip credit and the question of the type of notice which must be given to employees regarding its use in the case of Perez v. Lorraine Enters., No. 13-1685 (1st Cir. Oct. 1, 2014). The First Circuit ruled that constructive knowledge of the application of the tip credit is not enough, but rather employees must have actual notice that tips are to be treated as part of their wages.…

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District Court Has Jurisdiction over Retaliation Claim Related to Prior Charge, Even Prior Charge that was Untimely

Posted on October 31, 2014

The Fourth Circuit recently ruled that the district court properly ruled that it had jurisdiction over a claim of retaliation in violation of Title VII asserted by an Old Dominion University professor, even though the retaliation claim was not contained within her initial EEOC charge and that charge was, in fact, untimely. Hentosh v. Old Dominion University, No. 13-2037 (4th Cir. September 24, 2014). The Fourth Circuit’s ruling was based on the fact that the retaliation was reasonably related to the initial charge and its own prior decision that a claim for retaliation can be asserted for the first time in federal court.…

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Even Extremely Flexible Schedule Accommodation Request Not Unreasonable as a Matter of Law

Posted on October 17, 2014

The United States Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit recently reversed the decision of the district court in the case of Solomon v. Vilsack, No. 12-5123 (D.C. Cir. August 15, 2014), a case involving an employee’s request to have significant flexibility in the her working hours as a reasonable accommodation for her disability. The district court had granted summary judgment to the employer, the Department of Agriculture, on the grounds that a “maxiflex work schedule” such as that sought by the plaintiff was an unreasonable accommodation request as a matter of law. The Court of Appeals disagreed, stating that “[n]othing in the Rehabilitation Act establishes, as a matter of law, that a maxiflex work schedule is unreasonable” and leaving for remand the factual question of whether this request would have been reasonable on this case.…

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No FMLA Retaliation Where Employer Can Show Employee Terminated for Improperly Accessing Supervisor’s Email

Posted on October 10, 2014

The decision of the United States District Court for the Western District of Virginia in the case of Downs v. Winchester Medical Center, et al., No. 5:13cv00083 regarding what constitutes a claim for interference in violation of the FMLA was the topic of a posting from a few months ago. The district court had found that while the plaintiff had properly stated a claim for retaliation in violation of the FMLA based upon these allegations, but that her claims not support a claim for FMLA interference.   Last month, the district court granted summary judgment to the employer, finding that the employer had a legitimate, nondiscriminatory reason for the termination of the employee, namely, her inappropriate accessing of her supervisor’s email, and thus that her retaliation claim failed as a matter of law. Downs, Memorandum Opinion (August 18, 2014).…

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Executive Order 13658 “Establishing a Minimum Wage for Contractors” Final Rule

Posted on October 3, 2014

On Tuesday, the U.S. Department of Labor issued the final rule that raises the minimum wage for workers on federal contracts to $10.10 an hour. The 338 page rule, which takes effect on January 1 2015, implements Executive Order 13658. The final rule provides for employers guidance as to which contracts and which employees are covered. Contractors must fulfill certain obligations to comply with the new minimum wage provisions, including recordkeeping requirements. The rule also establishes an enforcement process and will protect the right of workers to receive the new minimum wage.…

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