CWM has a long tradition of offering legal services to political subdivisions and other governmental entities of the Commonwealth of Virginia. For over sixty years, the firm has served as general counsel to the Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority, one of the leading redevelopment and housing authorities in the nation. The firm also represents numerous other housing and special purpose authorities, including Chesapeake Redevelopment and Housing Authority, Franklin Redevelopment & Housing Authority and Suffolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority, as well as cities, towns and counties throughout the Commonwealth.

The firm is an active advisor to the leadership of the Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority and was involved in most of its pioneering efforts. Examples include: drafting and assisting in securing the passage of the Virginia Housing Authorities Law; lobbying in the General Assembly of Virginia to prevent crippling amendments to various laws affecting redevelopment and housing throughout the Commonwealth of Virginia; negotiating with the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) for various loans and grants; assisting in the drafting and adoption of over 40 redevelopment and conservation plans, including the first redevelopment project in the United States; conducting litigation in local and federal courts as required to implement or defend the progress of the Authority, including a successful appeal to the United States Supreme Court of a case interpreting the Federal Property Acquisition and Relocation Benefits Act of 1972.

Our lawyers provide advice on matters relating to the governance and administration of public agencies, the procurement of goods and services by public bodies and the interpretation and application of statutes such as the State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act, the Virginia Freedom of Information Act and the Virginia Public Procurement Act.

The Public Sector Law Group advises and assists in various modes of land acquisition and disposition involving voluntary conveyances, as well as acquisition of property through the power of eminent domain. The lawyers provide advice and assistance in the development of single purpose commercial structures as well as multiple use retail or commercial centers, in addition to providing advice on financing mechanisms, whether taxable or tax exempt, including low income housing tax credits and New Markets Tax Credits.

We assist in personnel issues and the administration of employee grievance procedures applicable to governmental bodies and represent clients in litigation relating to condemnations, evictions, construction law and employment matters.

  • Commercial Contracts
  • Community Centers
  • Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) Program
  • Construction and Management of Housing Units
  • Conventional Public Housing Development
  • Disposition, Demolition and Development Approval Process
  • Elderly Housing Development
  • Eminent Domain/Condemnations
  • Employee Grievance Procedures
  • Evictions
  • Fair Housing Issues
  • Federal and State Tax
  • FHA-Insured Financing
  • HOME Program
  • HUD Regulatory Issues
  • Management Concerns of Housing Providers
  • Mixed-Use Developments
  • Organization and Governance of PHA Affiliates
  • Payment-in-Lieu-of-Taxes (PILOT) Structures
  • Public Housing Agencies (PHA) Administration
  • Procurement Issues and Bid Protests
  • Project Based Vouchers
  • Public Housing Assessment Management
  • Public Housing Regulatory Issues
  • Public-Private Partnerships
  • Real Estate Development and Financing
  • Section 8 Program (Housing Choice Vouchers)
  • State and Local Government Conflict of Interests Act
  • Sustainable Development
  • Sustainable Mixed-Income Communities
  • Uniform Relocation Act Requirements
  • Virginia Freedom of Information Act
  • Voluntary Conveyances
  • Zoning and Land Use
Representative Clients

Developers

Insurance Companies

Lenders and Financial Institutions

Local and State Agencies/Government Entities

Municipal and Quasi-Municipal Organizations

Public Housing Agencies

Redevelopment and Housing Authorities

Financing for PHA Projects

Bond Transactions

Low-Income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTC)

Rental Assistance Demonstration (RAD)

Mixed-Finance Public Housing Developments

HOPE VI

Neighborhood Stabilization Program (NSP)

New Markets Tax Credits (NMTC)

Public Housing Capital Fund Financing Program (CFFP)

Public Housing Capital Funds (including Replacement Housing Factor Funds) Program

Revolving Loans Fund

Tax Increment Financing (TIF)

Articles & Presentations

Delphine Carnes was a presenter at the 2016 Legal Seminar at the Virginia Association of Housing and Community Development Officials (“VAHCDO”) held in Richmond, Virginia (December 2, 2016)  Click here to view presentation

Delphine Carnes was a presenter at the 2015 Legal Seminar at the Virginia Association of Housing and Community Development Officials (“VAHCDO”) held in Richmond, Virginia (December 4, 2015) Click here to view presentation

Delphine Carnes, presenter, “HUD’s Rental Assistance Demonstration Program” webinar by Clear Law Institute (August 10, 2015) Click here to view presentation

Delphine Carnes presented, “Using Low Income Housing Tax Credits (LIHTC) with RAD”, at the Leveraging Affordable Housing HUD Financing: RAD and Other Mixed-Finance Development Programs webinar by Strafford Publications (June 4, 2015)  Click here to view

Delphine Carnes, Chair of the firm’s Project Finance Practice Group, presented “RAD Conversion and Rehabilitation using LIHTC:  Key Considerations for PHAs”, at the Virginia Association of Housing and Community Development Officials (“VAHCDO”) 2014 legal Seminar held in Richmond, Virginia (December 5, 2014)  Click here to view

Delphine Carnes, Presenter, “Legal Strategies for Effectively Implementing the Rental Assistance Demonstration Program, to Include Incorporation of Tax Credits; Project Based Vouchers; and Post-Conversion Concerns”, VAHCDO, Annual Legal Seminar (December 6, 2013) Click here to view

Donald C. Schultz, Presenter, “Eminent Domain Constitutional Amendment”, Norfolk & Portsmouth Bar Association (October 2, 2012)

Donald C. Schultz, Presenter, “Eminent Domain Constitutional Amendment”, HRACRE (August 9, 2012)

Donald C. Schultz, Presenter, “Eminent Domain & Constitutional Amendment in Virginia”, 2012 Update in the Law Seminar, Stewart Title Guaranty Company (July 10, 1012)

Delphine Carnes, Presenter, “Creative Leveraging to Create Mixed Use: East St. Louis Housing Authority’s Approach,” NAHRO 2011 National Conference & Exhibition (October 25, 2011)

Delphine Carnes, Presenter, “New Road for Public Housing Authorities,” 2008 Governor’s Housing Conference (November 13, 2008)

Delphine Carnes, Presenter, “Preserving Affordability,” VAAD Seminar (July 14, 2006)

Honors & Awards
Best Law Firm Ranking by U.S. News, November 2016

U.S. News Media Group and Best Lawyers released the 2017 “Best Law Firms” rankings. CWM is proud to announce that the firm received a Tier 2 Metropolitan Ranking in Public Finance. Receiving the tier designations reflects a high level of respect the firm has earned within specific practice areas.

Best Law Firm Ranking by U.S. News, November 2015

CWM received a Tier 2 Metropolitan Ranking for the 2016 listing of “Best Law Firms” by U.S. News and Best Lawyers Public Finance.

Best Law Firm Ranking by U.S. News, November 2014

CWM received a Tier 2 Metropolitan Ranking for the 2015 listing of “Best Law Firms” by U.S. News and Best Lawyers in Public Finance.

Best Law Firm Ranking by U.S. News, November 2013

U.S. News Media Group and Best Lawyers have released the 2014 “Best Law Firms” rankings. CWM is proud to announce that the firm received a Tier 2 Metropolitan Ranking in Public Finance.

Best Law Firm Ranking by U.S. News, November 2012

U.S. News Media Group and Best Lawyers have released the 2013 “Best Law Firms” rankings, providing a comprehensive view of the U.S. legal profession. CWM is proud to announce that the firm received a Tier 2 Metropolitan Ranking in Municipal Law.

News and Updates
Learning Center Earns River Stars Award
Posted on February 27, 2017
The River Stars Awards are presented each year by the Elizabeth River Project and recognize stewards of the Elizabeth River.  This year a new recognition, the Eastern Branch Award, was......
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U.S. News – Best Lawyers releases the 2017 “Best Law Firms” metropolitan rankings.
Posted on October 31, 2016
U.S. News – Best Lawyers has released the 2017 “Best Law Firms” metropolitan rankings.  Crenshaw, Ware & Martin, P.L.C. is proud to announce that the firm received a Tier......
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Seven Crenshaw, Ware & Martin PLC Attorneys Named to 2017 Best Lawyers® in America
Posted on August 15, 2016
Crenshaw, Ware & Martin is pleased to announce that seven of its lawyers have been named to the 2017 Edition of Best Lawyers in America. Delphine G. Carnes Project Finance Law Public Finance......
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Norfolk’s Youngest Voices Soar in a Collection of Writings
Posted on July 14, 2016
For over sixty years, Crenshaw, Ware & Martin has served as general counsel to Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority (the “Authority” or “NRHA”).  Our work with the Authority supports its......
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Best Law Firm Ranking by U.S. News
Posted on December 1, 2015
CWM earned a Tier 1 Metropolitan Ranking for the 2016 listing of “Best Law Firms” by U.S. News & World Report and Best Lawyers in three practice areas: Admiralty &......
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CWM is pleased to announce seven lawyers named to the 2016 Edition of Best Lawyers in America
Posted on September 1, 2015
Crenshaw, Ware & Martin PLC is pleased to announce that seven of its lawyers have been named to the 2016 Edition of Best Lawyers in America. Delphine G. Carnes - Project......
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CWM attorneys represent Franklin Redevelopment and Housing Authority in rehabilitation of three communities
Posted on February 3, 2015
Delphine Carnes and Harriet Reynolds recently represented Franklin Redevelopment and Housing Authority (“FRHA”) in the rehabilitation of three of its communities, Berkley Court Apartments (“Berkley”), Pretlow Gardens (“Pretlow”) and Old......
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Delphine Carnes Speaks at 2014 VAHCDO Legal Seminar
Posted on December 5, 2014
Delphine Carnes, Chair of the firm's Project Finance Practice Group, presented "RAD Conversion and Rehabilitation using LIHTC: Key Considerations for PHAs", at the Virginia Association of Housing and Community Development......
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Firm Receives Tier 1 Ranking for the 2015 Listing of Best Law Firms
Posted on November 3, 2014
Crenshaw, Ware & Martin received a Tier 1 Metropolitan Ranking for the 2015 listing of "Best Law Firms" by U.S. News and Best Lawyers in three practice areas:  Admiralty & Maritime......
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Delphine Carnes Speaks at Governor's Conference on Economic Development
Posted on October 14, 2014
Virginia Economic Development Association presented the 2014 VEDA Fall Conference, "The Governor's Conference on Economic Development - Increasing the Odds:  Deal-Making in the New Economy." Delphine Carnes was a member of the......
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CWM attorneys, Delphine Carnes and Harriet Reynolds, represented Norfolk Redevelopment and Housing Authority in the Monroe Building transaction
Posted on December 18, 2013
This $9.7 million transaction utilized state and federal historic rehabilitation tax credits to renovate the hundred year old building for use as the Governor’s School for the Arts (the “Governor’s......
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CWM success at trial ensures secured lien remains
Posted on April 1, 2012
CWM attorney Ryan Snow succeeded at trial in a case attempting to strip a secured creditor's lien from a property in bankruptcy. CWM represented the defendant in the adversary proceeding.......
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